Subjective Academic Problems Scale
The Subjective Academic Problems Scale (SAPS) is a 7-item self-report behavior rating scale for measuring youths' perceptions of their performance problems at school. The SAPS was originally intended for use as a triaging tool within secondary-level mental health screening contexts, yet it may also be useful for basic research purposes as a brief standalone measure of school difficulties.
Research shows that responses to the SAPS have at least adequate internal reliability and that scores derived from the measure have concurrent validity with several indicators of student wellbeing and mental health problems. Research has also shown that SAPS scores have incremental validity when used with an internalizing problems screener for identifying students with greater levels of overall mental health risk.
The SAPS may also be useful as an outcome and progress-monitoring measure, yet further research is needed to explore its treatment utility for these purposes.
Key article on the SAPS: