Positive Experiences at School Scale
Visit Dr. Mike Furlong's website to download and learn more about this measure (renamed the Social and Emotional Health Survey–Primary). Dr. Furlong and colleagues are the lead developers of this instrument.
The Positive Experiences at School Scale (PEASS) is a 16-item self-report behavior rating scale for measuring youths' school-specific wellbeing. It's comprised of four subscales: (1) Zest, (2) Persistence, (3) Gratitude, and (4) Optimism. Subscale scores can be used as standalone wellbeing indicators or they can be summed to create a Student Covitality Scale.
Research shows that responses to the Student Covitalty Scale have strong internally reliability as well as convergent validity with other indicators of school-specific wellbeing. Responses to some of the subscales, however, have been shown to have sub-optimal internal reliability coefficients when used in small samples.
The PEASS is intended to be used for practical purposes as an outcome and progress-monitoring measure, and potentially as a screening instrument. Yet further research is needed to demonstrate its treatment utility for these purposes.
Key articles for the PEASS:
- Technical adequacy of the Positive Experiences at School Scale with adolescents (Renshaw, 2016).
- Preliminary development of the Positive Experiences at School Scale for elementary school students (Furlong et al., 2013).
- Positive psychological strengths and school engagement in primary school children (Wilkins et al., 2015).